During the application of paint on various types of support these layers can undergo different stresses during the drying/ageing process. Various types of paint cracking can occur leaving the paint films unstable resulting in paint lifting, flaking and ultimately being lost. Paint layers can often become de-stabilized with traumatic shock.

Consolidation involves physically stabilizing the work of art to ensure future stability and ensures that any further treatment procedures can be carried out safely.

The treatment involves introducing a suitable adhesive that will adhere loose, cracking, flaking paint to the picture support.